UNDERSTANDING THE NEVADA EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM
By Adrienne Abbott, Nevada EAS Chair
WHAT IS IT?
The Emergency Alert System, or EAS, is a network of radio and television stations, cable television operators and IPTV services (EAS Participants) that is available 24/7/365 to local, state and federal officials to inform the public of a pending emergency, disaster or crises. This network is available at no charge because providers buy their own specialized EAS equipment, pay to maintain it and train their staff to understand the purpose and use of EAS. In addition, the broadcasters and other providers set aside program time in their weekly schedules for routine testing which ensures that the system is always ready for use. The Federal Communications Commission set up a national framework for EAS for National, Presidential warnings while allowing each state to build its own EAS plan tailored to local needs.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
The Nevada EAS Plan provides state and local government officials, as well as law enforcement and public safety officials, specific information on how to almost instantly access local radio, television and cable TV facilities to provide critical information, instructions and assistance to the public in a time of crisis. The Nevada EAS Plan also includes the Nevada AMBER Alert Plan which gives local law enforcement agencies nearly immediate access to radio and television stations, cable and IPTV services through EAS to get information to the public about abducted, endangered children.
While many state and local government agencies have existing plans for dealing with the electronic media during an emergency, an EAS activation allows officials to instantly access every radio and television station, not just those with news staff, to provide critical information to the public. EAS operations were expanded in 2006 to include cell phones through the use of Wireless Emergency Alerts or WEA messages. In addition, the use of Common Alerting Protocol, or CAP programs, emergency officials can add EAS messages to their Social Media platforms and other Internet programs, giving emergency managers more ways to get life-saving information to the public.
WHERE DOES IT OPERATE?
Broadcast signals don’t recognize geopolitical borders so the Nevada Emergency Alert System not only covers Nevada, but also the portion of California east of the Sierra Crest, and extreme northern Arizona. Because no single broadcast service covers the entire state, Nevada’s EAS is divided into three regions, as shown in Figure 1.
o The Western Nevada/Eastern California Operational Area includes northern Nevada and northeastern California. This area is shown in blue on the map.
o The Southern Nevada/Inyo County California Operational Area serves southern Nevada, southeastern California and Mojave County, Arizona. This area is shown in pink on the map.
o The Eastern Nevada Operation Area serves eastern Nevada. This area is shown in yellow on the map.
o Some areas of both Nevada and California are completely isolated from outside broadcast signals, including satellite services and EAS providers in those communities operate independently.
WHO’S IN CHARGE?
The FCC regulates the Emergency Alert System through rules established in CFR Title 47, Chapter 1, Subchapter A, Part 11. The FCC appoints each state’s chairperson who oversees EAS activities with the assistance of the State Emergency Communications Committee or SECC. Together they develop state and local EAS plans, as provided in the Part 11 rules. The chairperson selects SECC members from the organizations which have a role or interest in providing public warning and other EAS activities. The chairperson and the committee members serve on a volunteer basis with support from their State Broadcaster Association.
The EAS State Chair in Nevada is Adrienne Abbott. Members of the State Emergency Communications Committee include Vice Chairs Steve Scott, Bill Croghan and Dan Mason. All three are original Committee members who have served since 1995. The President of the Nevada Broadcasters Association, Mary Beth Sewald, also serves on the SECC along with other broadcasters.
The most frequent user of EAS is the National Weather Service which uses EAS to present critical weather information and warnings to the public. NWS is currently represented on the SECC by Todd Lericos, Meteorologist in Charge of the Las Vegas Weather Forecast Office or WFO; Daniel Berc, the Warning Coordination Meteorologist at the Las Vegas, WFO; Jon Mittelstadt, Meteorologist in Charge of the Reno WFO; Chris Smallcomb, Warning Coordination Meteorologist at the Reno WFO; Gregory Barnhart, Meteorologist in Charge of the Elko WFO; and Clair Ketchum, Lead Forecaster at the Elko WFO.
State and local emergency officials who also serve on the EAS Committee include Kelli Baratti, Nevada Division of Emergency Management; Aaron Kenneston, Washoe County Emergency Manager; Arlene Chapman, Clark County Emergency Management; and Carolyn Levering, Las Vegas Emergency Management.
Broadcasters and cable service representatives include Heng Choong, Cox Cable: Tracy Teagarden, CBS Radio; Phil Burger, KNPB; Ray Fodge, Beasley Broadcast Group; Danna O’Connor, KUNR; and Lori Gilbert, Elko Radio.
HOW DO I GET A COPY OF THE EAS PLAN?
A copy of the Nevada EAS Plan is available on this website. However, we urge broadcasters to contact SECC Chair Adrienne Abbott for a hard copy of the EAS plan and more information on EAS in Nevada. In addition, Adrienne routinely emails an EAS report including news, regulation changes and a list of recent tests and activations to EAS participants, emergency managers and others who have EAS obligations.
WHO AM I SUPPOSED TO MONITOR FOR EAS COMPLIANCE?
The Nevada EAS Mapbook provides a complete list of all EAS Participants and the specific stations which they are supposed to monitor. This Mapbook is an FCC-mandated document, per Part 11. It is available on this website.
WHERE DO I GET MORE INFORMATION ON EAS?
For more information about EAS in the Nevada Operational Area, including training for EAS Participants and emergency officials, contact State Chair Adrienne Abbott at firstname.lastname@example.org
NV EAS Plan Executive Summary
NV EAS Plan Annex B
NV EAS Plan Attch #1 Glossary
NV EAS Plan Attch #2 Operational Area
NV EAS Plan Attch #3 EAS Codes
NV EAS Plan Attch #4 Monitoring Assignments